Flashback Friday: The “Flagpole Affair” at Red Cloud Agency, 1874

On October 23, 1874, Lakota warriors entered Red Cloud Agency and chopped up the pole that agent John J. Saville planned to use to fly the American flag. The stage was now set for an armed confrontation, and only decisive action by Lakota leaders and U.S. troops prevented bloodshed. The incident represented the larger confrontation, conflict, and transformation brought on by gradual cultural domination of the Lakota by the whites.

The story of this conflict and the events leading up to it are explored in the article “The ‘Flagpole Affair’ at Red Cloud Agency: An Incident in the Cultural Transition of the Oglala Lakota” by Randy Kane. It appears in the Fall 2016 issue of Nebraska History.

It began with the Fort Laramie Treaty of 1868. Though it removed military posts from the Bozeman Trail, it also established a reservation for the Lakota (Western Sioux) and began the process of tribal confinement.

Oglala Chief Red Cloud had understood by the Treaty of 1868 that the food and supplies distribution point for his people would be at Fort Laramie, but government officials determined that too many whites lived nearby and passed through the area. An “agency” for the Oglala Lakota was established along the North Platte River thirty miles downriver from the fort.  The agency at White River, known as Red Cloud Agency after the prominent Oglala Leader, became the administrative center for the Oglala to be supervised by an appointed agent representing the government.

Agent John J. Saville arrived at Red Cloud agency in 1873. The Peace Policy authorized church denominations to appoint the agents. Saville did the bookkeeping, hired the agents, supervised the distribution of annuities and payments and acted as a liaison with the military forces in the area.

In 1874, Saville attempted to erect a pole to fly the American flag over the Red Cloud Agency. Saville stated that the flag would be flown only on Sundays to let the Indians know that the agency employees did not want to be disturbed for business on that day or flown as a sign to the military camp that the agency was in trouble.

The Indians, including Red Cloud, initially objected. Capt. William H. Jordan wrote that the Indians considered the erection of a flagpole as “a declaration of war against them.” Lt. Emmet Crawford responded when the Indians began chopping up the flagpole. He later testified that the agency people objected to the flagpole because “it looked too much like a military camp.”

The most prominent player in the flagpole incident, however, was the Oglala leader Sitting Bull. He personified the cultural evolution of many Oglala towards acceptance of the agency and reservation way of life. Sitting Bull went on to navigate complicated and tragic relationships between Native Americans and the U.S. government.

In September of 1875, Sitting Bull once again played role in quelling a disturbance created by the Lakota during negotiations at Red Cloud Agency with the government’s Allison Commission to purchase the Black Hills. In September 1876, after the summer battles at the Rosebud and the Little Bighorn, another commission led by George Manypenney came to Red Cloud Agency to dictate terms of an “agreement” forcing the Lakota to sell the Black Hills.  The Indians had little choice and band leaders and headmen signed the documents.

Shortly after, Sitting Bull left the agency and went to the camp of Crazy Horse. Sitting Bull volunteered to join a delegation of Lakota chiefs to negotiate peace with Brig. Gen. Nelson Miles. On December 16, 1876, as the delegation approached the cantonment under the flag of truce, Crow Indian scouts serving with the army treacherously killed Sitting Bull and the other Lakota. This act infuriated Miles and ruined his attempt to negotiate surrender.

Overall, many people suffered from their involvement in this fraught period in Indian-government relations. Saville was relived from office as a result of his attempt to administer cultural change. Sitting Bull was killed in his attempt to accommodate cultural change.

Source: http://www.blog-nebraskahistory.org/

Contact: brittanyhamor@gmail.com



Finding the perfect fit

While off-campus housing presents problems for some, others say it’s the ideal home away from home.

Sophomore biology major Joanna Castro walked through the front doors of Prime Place feeling confident that she made the right choice. As the door to her two-bedroom apartment shut behind her, she thought this calm atmosphere was what she needed to thrive.

This was the moment it felt like home.

“The living space in Prime Place is a great improvement compared to the small dorms,” Castro said. “The dorms were not my ideal environment because I prefer to live in a place that’s quiet. I also liked that I could make it feel like home and do whatever I wanted with the space.”

In the last four years, several off-campus apartment complexes with an emphasis on student living have become a home for students like Castro. This trend develops at a time when the student population is expanding without plans to increase on-campus student housing.

However, it hasn’t had a significant effect on university housing.

According to the University of Nebraska-Lincoln Fact Book for 2015-2016, 34.7 percent of students live on campus. That’s about a 4.2 percent decrease from the 2014 fall semester.

“At this point, it has not had much of an impact on the university,” said Vice Chancellor for Student Affairs Juan Franco. “Since freshmen are required to live on campus, our housing numbers will always be good.”

Even with the closing of Cather and Pound halls, Franco said the university will continue to have adequate space for the students. UNL will also be opening a new residence hall on East Campus with several single rooms that can easily be converted to doubles.

A lack of space is not the main concern for students moving off campus; a growing concern is affordability.

“Living off campus was the best option for the financial situation I am in right now,” said Addison Krebs, a sophomore fisheries and wildlife major at UNL and a resident in the The Willows apartment complex at 1800 Knox Street. “I get to pay rent monthly instead of having to pay everything at once, like at the dorms.”

Apartment-style living on UNL’s campus costs $7,864 per academic year for two bedrooms and one bathroom, such as in The Village or Courtyards. When divided up among eight months of the academic year, that costs students about $983 per month.

A two-bedroom, two-bathroom apartment at Prime Place would cost $499 per month in comparison. At Aspen Heights, a two bedroom, two bathroom starts at $669 per renter. A two bedroom and one bathroom at 8 | N Lofts ranges from $725 to $735 a month.

With everything added up, the difference between on-campus and off-campus living could be over $400 per month.

“Not only did I really like the financial aspect, but the location was great too,” Krebs said. “[The Willows apartment complex] is only a 10-minute bus ride to and from campus.”

Krebs said he believes the biggest downfall in the location is having to plan his day around the bus schedule because he does not have a car in Lincoln.

“It is also inconvenient when I have gaps in between my classes,” Krebs said. “When I have a two-hour break it is not worth going home for 15 minutes and then taking the bus straight back to campus.”

Even though Krebs has to plan his day around the bus schedule, he said he believes being able to get off campus sometimes is worth it.

Senior secondary math education major Sarah Houston is a resident of the Tanglewood apartment complex, located on 301 N 44th St., and said she prefers it to on-campus living, especially considering the cheaper rent and location.

“I really like that I am able to have my own space and not have to worry about finding a quiet place when I choose to have time to myself,” Houston said. “Sometimes it’s great to get off of campus and just be able to relax.”

While many students agree that experiencing dorm life is essential to the traditional college experience, living off campus can help further develop students’ skills outside the classroom.

“I think there are more positives to it than negatives,” Krebs said. “It’s a good life experience and really helps you grow as a person.”

Source: http://www.dailynebraskan.com/news/finding-the-perfect-fit/article_b6e32d8a-809a-11e6-b3bc-83cc23bc6509.html


Senior vice chancellor candidates host events on campus

The University of Nebraska-Lincoln has announced two sets of finalists for two senior vice chancellor positions.

Ronnie Green previously held both of these positions, but they opened up when Green became the UNL’s chancellor in May.

One set of finalists is up for the Harlan Vice Chancellor for the Institute of Agriculture and Natural Resources and the University of Nebraska vice president for Agriculture and Natural Resources. Michael Boehm, William Brown, Gary Thompson and Ron Yoder are the finalists for these positions.

The second set of finalists are competing for the position of Executive Vice Chancellor, previously known as the Senior Vice Chancellor of Student Affairs. The finalists are Sheryl Tucker, Elizabeth Spiller, Mark Sheridan and Cheryl Achterberg.

All of the finalists will be on campus over the course of the next few weeks to speak and meet with students, faculty and staff.

Michael Boehm, professor of plant pathology and vice provost for academic and strategic planning at the Ohio State University, will live-stream a state and campus town hall Sept. 26 at 3 p.m. in 107 Hardin Hall at UNL.

William F. “Bill” Brown, dean for research and director of the Agricultural Experiment Station at the Institute of Agriculture at the University of Tennessee, will live-stream a state and campus town hall Sept. 28 at 3 p.m. in the East Union Arbor Suite.

Ron Yoder, interim vice chancellor for the Institute of Agriculture and Natural Resources at Nebraska, will live-stream a state and campus town hall Oct. 3 at 3 p.m. in the East Union Great Plains Room.

Gary Thompson, associate dean for Research and Graduate Education and director of the Pennsylvania Agricultural Experiment Station at Pennsylvania State University, will live-stream a state and campus town hall Oct. 6 at 3 p.m. in the East Union Great Plains Room.

Sheryl Tucker, associate provost and dean of the Oklahoma State University Graduate College, will have a live-stream public presentation at 1:30 p.m. on Oct. 4.

Elizabeth Spiller, dean of the College of Liberal Arts and Human Sciences at Virginia Tech, will have a live-stream public presentation Oct. 6.

Mark Sheridan, vice provost for graduate and postdoctoral affairs and dean of the graduate school at Texas Tech University, will have a live-stream public presentation at 1:30 p.m. on Oct. 11.

Cheryl Achterberg, dean of the College of Education and Human Ecology at the Ohio State University will have a live-stream public presentation at 1:30 p.m. on Oct. 13.

More information about the the search for the executive vice chancellor be found online.

Source: http://www.dailynebraskan.com/news/senior-vice-chancellor-candidates-host-events-on-campus/article_2f65f932-7f96-11e6-9a89-cf3aa3371911.html




UNL staff to host training on recognizing suicide warning signs

Recognizing the warning signs of a suicide crisis will be the focus of a training session in the Nebraska Union at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln Sept. 20-21, from 3:30 to 5 p.m.

QPR training, which stands for question, persuade and refer, is a three-step system that can help students save a life.

The hosts for the event will be Pat Tetreault, assistant director of Student Involvement and director of the LGBTQA+ Resource Center, and Jan Deeds, the director of the UNL Women’s Center.

Tetreault has both personal and professional reasons for supporting suicide awareness and prevention efforts.

“I have known students who shared with me that they had been suicidal due to the bullying, lack of support and other challenges they had experienced,” Tetreault said. “Raising awareness about the signs that someone may be suicidal, and how to respond in ways that may be helpful, is useful information that may positively impact many people’s lives.”

In the sessions, students will learn how to recognize warning signs, give hope and seek help to save a life.

“Suicide is a leading cause of death, and recognizing the potential signs that someone is suicidal has the potential to save someone’s life,” Tetreault said.

Those signs can be seen in three things: speech, behavior and sudden changes in mood, according to the American Foundation for Suicide Prevention.

According to the foundation, something that could be a warning sign of suicide is “if a person talks about being a burden, feeling trapped, experiencing unbearable pain or having no reason to live.”

The AFSP also lists recklessness, isolation, sleeping too much or too little, giving away prized possessions, aggression and visiting people to say goodbye as behaviors to watch for.

The training will provide a foundation for recognizing some of those indicators.

“The overall goal is for people to be aware of the signs that someone may be suicidal and what they can do to help,” Tetreault said.

Everyone has the ability to make a difference in someone else’s life, Tetreault said, and this seminar will bring some of those ways to light.

“Being aware and having basic information and skills to respond in ways that may help are important for the person responding as well as the person who may be at risk for suicide,” she said.

The free trainings are open to all students, staff and faculty members.

For those in search of help, the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline is available at 1-800-273-8255.



UNL’s School of Music celebrates Glenn Korff

The University of Nebraska-Lincoln’s Glenn Korff School of Music paid tribute to its namesake Thursday with its second annual Glenn Korff Day.

The program took place in the Kimball Recital Hall and was hosted by the school’s interim director, Peter Lefferts. The Glenn Korff Chair of Music, Glenn Nierman, also gave a presentation at the event.

While students celebrate in different ways throughout the day, the annual event gives them a way to celebrate together, said Brian Reetz, marketing and public relations coordinator for the school.

“We wanted to do something to help our students now and into the future to understand the importance of the $8 million gift from Glenn Korff to University of Nebraska-Lincoln and the School of Music,” he said.

The program featured performances by Korff Scholars Hannah Bell and Dimitra Kokkinopoulou.

Members of UNL faculty also participated, with performances by Hye-Won Hwang, an assistant professor of practice and dance, and Jamie Reimer, an assistant professor of voice.

“The day is a celebration, so I picked a piece that was cheerful and light,” Reimer said.

Reimer described her piece as a sophisticated, funny English art song by composer Jake Heggie. She performed a selection from “Alas, Alack,” a recital she is performing Sept. 29.

“‘Alas, Alack’ references many operatic characters and musical themes as the singer tries to figure out why she always picks the wrong guy to date,” Reimer said.

Reimer’s performance was part of many activities honoring Glenn Korff, who attended UNL and graduated in 1965 with a Bachelor of Science from the College of Arts and Sciences with a double major in chemistry and zoology and a minor in economics.

He was involved in many organizations during his time at UNL, including two terms as president of the Sigma Phi Epsilon fraternity. In 1964, he was selected as Outstanding District Sigma Phi Epsilon President.

Korff was also a member of a national chemistry honor society, Phi Lambda Upsilon.

From 1992 to 2013, Korff was the semi-retired manager of Korff Holdings, a personal investment company. He also served as a trustee of the University of Nebraska Foundation.

“Glenn Korff Day will serve each year to remind us of who Glenn Korff was, of the amazing things he accomplished as a professional and as a philanthropist and of the heartwarming story of his remarkable naming gift to what is now the University of Nebraska-Lincoln’s Glenn Korff School of Music,” Reetz said in a press release.

Korff died Aug. 27, 2013, at the age of 70 from prostate cancer.

“The impact of Glenn Korff’s gift to the School of Music is far-reaching and ongoing,” Reimer said. “From scholarships to travel opportunities, our students and faculty are now able to participate in, and access, activities that were previously out of reach for financial reasons. His investment in us allows the GKSOM to make a greater investment in the cultural impact of the school at the university and in the community. For that reason, we will be forever grateful for, and continually inspired by, his confidence in what we do every day.”

Source: http://www.dailynebraskan.com/news/unl-s-school-of-music-celebrates-glenn-korff/article_627875c4-7961-11e6-a01c-6f7201206010.html

Contact me: brittanyhamor@gmail.com


Speaker unravels mysteries of the brain at UNL talk

Award-winning, New York Times columnist Carl Zimmer will speak Thursday at 7:30 p.m. in the Nebraska Union auditorium with a speech titled “Journey to the Center of the Brain.”

The event is free for UNL students with an NCard and costs $5 for faculty, staff and the public.

“Our brains are the foundation for who we are—they store our memories, give rise to our emotions and enable us to look to the future,” said Tanner McKerlie, Diversity/Education chair for the University Program Council. “But our brains remain terra incognita, an inner continent that remains barely explored.”

McKerlie said the talk comes at an opportune time because of developments in brain mapping, putting together a picture of the organ’s 80 billion neurons with trillions of connections to each other. The mapping has enabled scientists to do things like implant electrodes in the brain in order to help people with Parkinson’s regain their ability to walk. It has also helped give paralyzed people the power to control computers, McKerlie said.

Zimmer has spoken at universities, festivals, museums and medical schools and has also been on radio programs such as “Radiolab” and “This American Life.” This year, he won the Stephen Jay Gould Prize, awarded annually by the Society for the Study of Evolution to recognize individuals whose sustained efforts have advanced public understanding of evolutionary science.

Zimmer was selected to come to UNL as a result of UPC’s semiannual event selection. For the Diversity/Education lineup, UPC has brought together several speakers on serious topics, such as activist Bree Newsome, who scaled a flagpole in front of the South Carolina State House and removed the Confederate battle flag, and Neil Hilborn, a renowned slam poet who will be addressing his struggles with mental illness. With Zimmer, UPC wanted to pick a speaker who was educational, but knowledgeable in an area the organization hadn’t touched with one of its other events, McKerlie said.

“Carl filled the slot perfectly,” McKerlie said.

McKerlie said UNL students should be interested in the event because it’s a chance to learn about a fascinating and continually evolving field of science. He said the event holds value for everyone, whether they are students in a science field, are interested in the science of the brain or just want to learn something new.

Over the past 18 years, Zimmer has given speeches all over the country. This year he has traveled to 11 states, including the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, the University of Alabama, New Jersey Institute of Technology and many others to speak.

“I’m most excited about reaching an audience that we haven’t reached in years,” McKerlie said. “With Diversity/Education events, we try to appeal to as many different interests and issues as possible, and this event is more scientific than any event we’ve had in the past few years.”

McKerlie said he hopes this event shows people that UPC continually strives to not only host concerts, but also to educate people both on social issues and things like the science of the brain.

“Hopefully this will get students interested in our other programming events and our operations as a whole,” he said.

Source: http://www.dailynebraskan.com/news/speaker-unravels-mysteries-of-the-brain-at-unl-talk/article_2228989c-7497-11e6-a7e8-cb170b88251c.html




I nervously tapped my foot on the wooden floor, shaking my chair in the process. All I could do was watch. Watch as my partner ran, trying to make it out the door, before vomiting all over the auditorium. Watch, as others screamed when their names got called. Watch, the joyous expressions on others faces as they went to claim their prize.

Everything was a blur until I heard my name.

This was everything my partner and I worked toward during the school year, a chance to place in the Nebraska School Activity Association’s state journalism competition.

My high school had not placed in the theme development contests in many years, so it became the goal at the beginning of the academic year.

“What is taking so long?” I thought in my head.

Then I heard the back door slam.

The loud chatter in the room came to a halt when the dean of the journalism college made her way to the podium to announce the winners. She went through the order in which she would name the winners in each competition. Of course, my competition was last to be announced.

As time went on I felt myself getting anxious. Seconds felt like hours and minutes felt like years.

Finally, our competition was next.

She started reading “and in third place…” My partner walked through the doors, her face as pale as a ghost, crossing her fingers by her side.

“and in second place…” In this moment, time stood still. We were on the edge of our seats while our hands clenched the sides of the chair. “from Millard South Annie Allen and Brittany Hamor.”

I could feel a weight lifted off of my shoulders. We did it.

Every late night and tough deadline was worth it for this one day. Journalism taught me the value of dedication, hard work and the purpose of a deadline. Ever since this day I vowed to put 100 percent in my writing.

This was the pivotal moment, when I knew I wanted to make journalism a career for myself.

I ended my high school journalism career with six appearance at state. A variety of Journalism Education Association awards and was recognized by the University of Nebraska-Lincoln as one of Omaha’s top high school communicators. Also, I received a partial scholarship to pursue journalism.

The summer before college I searched to find journalism-related jobs.

I currently work at the Nebraska State Historical Society as an editorial assistant. I also began working this summer as a news reporter for the Daily Nebraskan.

My next plan of action is to take The Real World I (Jour 348.) This class will give me insight on news reporting because each week I will be able to hear the experiences from the staff members at the Omaha World-Herald.

After finishing the class, I could be one of the five students to obtain an internship with the Omaha World-Herald.

Eventually, I want to be an investigative journalist for the Omaha World-Herald. This class is definitely the best way to get my foot in the door. The opportunities at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln are endless.

I believe with every experience and opportunity I receive during my time at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln will help me achieve my dream.

Although, majoring in journalism is more difficult than I thought it would be, every class I take expands my passion for journalism. Every story I write fuels my desire to improve and write even more. I know this is what I am meant to do.

I hope that one day I will be able to influence others to take the journalism path. I want to be a good mentor to others because I was fortunate enough to have numerous mentors that have helped me throughout high school and college.  Choosing journalism was the best decision I ever made.